Fra passiv til aktiv stemme

Setninger skrevet i aktiv stemme kan forstås lettere enn de som er skrevet i passiv stemme. Å bytte fra den passive stemmen til den aktive er ganske enkelt, men det krever litt øving. I samsvarstabellen nedenfor, legg merke til at verbet to be i den passive stemmen har alltid samme tempus som hovedverbet i den aktive stemmen. For å kunne bruke den aktive stemmen, må du gjøre handlingens subjekt eksplisitt.

To Keep, aktiv og passiv stemme

Tempus Aktiv stemme Passiv stemme Aktiv setning Passiv setning
Vanlig Presens keep is kept I keep the butter in the fridge. The butter is kept in the fridge.
Presens Samtidsform is keeping is being kept John is keeping my house tidy. My house is being kept tidy.
Preteritum kept was kept Mary kept her schedule meticulously. Mary's schedule was kept meticulously.
Preteritum Samtidsform was keeping was being kept The theater was keeping a seat for you. A seat was being kept for you.
Presens Perfektum have kept have been kept I have kept all your old letters. All your old letters have been kept.
Preteritum Perfektum had kept had been kept He had kept up his training regimen for a month. His training regimen had been kept up for a month.
Vanlig Futurum will keep will be kept Mark will keep the ficus. The ficus will be kept.
Presens Kondisjonalis would keep would be kept If you told me, I would keep your secret. If you told me, your secret would be kept.
Preteritum Kondisjonalis would have kept would have been kept I would have kept your bicycle here if you had left it with me. Your bicycle would have been kept here if you had left it with me.
Presens Infinitiv to keep to be kept She wants to keep the book. The book wants to be kept.
Infinitiv Perfektum to have kept to have been kept Judy was happy to have kept the puppy. The puppy was happy to have been kept.
Presens Partisipp og Gerundium keeping being kept I have a feeling that you may be keeping a secret. I have a feeling that a secret may be being kept.
Perfektum Partisipp having kept having been kept Having kept the bird in a cage for so long, Jade wasn't sure it could survive in the wild. The bird, having been kept in a cage for so long, might not survive in the wild.