Modale adverb

Modale adverb uttrykker hvor sikker vi føler oss om en handling eller hendelse. Modale adverb står foran hovedverbet, med mindre hovedverbet er 'to be', hvor det i så fall plasseres det etter. Eksempler på modale adverb: certainly, definitely, probably, undoubtedly, surely.

Eksempler
  • He definitely left the house this morning.
  • He surely won't forget.
  • He is probably in the park.
  • He is certainly a smart man.

Hvis setningen har et hjelpeverb, plasseres det modale adverbet mellom hjelpeverbet og hovedverbet.

Eksempler
  • He has certainly forgotten the meeting.
  • He will probably remember tomorrow.
  • He is definitely running late.

Iblant kan disse modale adverbene plasseres på starten av en setning.

Eksempler
  • Undoubtedly, Winston Churchill was a great politician.
  • Certainly, I will be there.
  • Probably, he has forgotten the meeting.

Når det modale adverbet surely er plassert på starten av setningen, betyr det at taleren mener at noe er sant, men trenger bekreftelse.

Eksempler
  • Surely you've got a bicycle.
  • Surely you're not going to wear that to the party.