Verbene som er etterfulgt av infinitiver

Mange forskjellige verb er etterfulgt av, eller kan etterfølges av, et andre verb i infinitiven. Alle verbene som er oppført på denne siden er etterfulgt av en to-infinitiv når infinitiven er brukt. De verbene som er markert med en asterisk, kan etterfølges av en that-bisetning, som du kan se i eksemplene. De verbene som er markert med to asterisker kan etterfølges av en that-bisetning kun når hovedverbets subjekt er "it".

Verb som er etterfulgt av infinitiven

afford agree* aim appear** arrange* bother care
claim* condescend consent decide* demand* determine* endeavour
fail guarantee* happen* hasten have (= be obliged) hesitate hope*
learn long manage offer prepare pretend* proceed
promise* propose prove (= turn out) refuse resolve* seek seem**
strive swear* tend threaten* trouble undertake volunteer
vow*          
Eksempler
  • I hope to see you next week.
  • I hope that I'll see you next week.
  • He claimed to be an expert.
  • He claimed that she was an expert.
  • I managed to reach the top of the hill.
  • Would you care to swim?
Eksempler
  • It appeared that no-one had locked the door.
  • He appeared to be lost.
  • It seems that she is running late.
  • She seems to be running late.

Verb som er etterfulgt av et substantiv + infinitiven

accustom aid appoint assist cause challenge command*
defy direct* drive empower enable encourage entice
entitle entreat force get implore* incite induce
inspire instruct* invite lead leave (= make someone responsible) oblige order*
persuade* press prompt provoke remind* require* stimulate
summon teach tell tempt trust* warn*  
Eksempler
  • The professor challenged his students to argue with his theory.
  • This law empowers the government to charge higher taxes.
  • You can't force me to do something I don't agree with.
  • I invited the new student to have dinner with me.
  • What inspired you to write this poem?
Verb uten et substantiv foran that-bisetningen

Når visse verb er etterfulgt av en that-bisetning, bruker vi ingen substantiv foran that-bisetningen, selv om det er et substantiv foran infinitiven. Dette gjelder verbene command, direct, entreat, implore, order, require og trust.

Eksempler
  • I trust you to tell the truth.
  • I trust that you are telling the truth.
  • The general commanded his men to surrender.
  • The general commanded that his men surrender.
Verb med et substantiv foran that-bisetningen

Andre verb, når de er etterfulgt av en that-bisetning, krever et substantiv foran that-bisetningen, på samme måte som infinitiven. Dette gjelder verbene persuade og remind.

Eksempler
  • You can't persuade people to buy small cars.
  • You can't persuade people that small cars are better.
  • He reminded me to take my notebook to school.
  • He reminded me that I would need my notebook.
Verb med et valgfritt substantiv foran that-bisetningen

Det finnes en siste gruppe av verb, som tar et valgfritt substantiv foran that-bisetningen, når de er etterfulgt av en that-bisetning. Dette gjelder verbene instruct, teach og warn.

Eksempler
  • She taught her students to appreciate poetry.
  • She taught her students that poetry was valuable.
  • She taught that poetry was valuable.

Verb som er etterfulgt av infinitiven, eller et substantiv + infinitiven

ask* beg* choose dare desire* elect expect*
help mean* (=intend) request* want wish*    
Eksempler
  • I asked him to show me the book.
  • I asked to see the book.
  • She helped me to put away the dishes.
  • She helped to put away the dishes.
  • We expect you to do your best in the exam.
  • We expect to do well on our exams.
  • Do you want to go to the beach?
  • Do you want me to go with you to the beach?
Å bruke "to dare"

I nektende og spørrende setninger kan vi bruke infinitiven med eller uten 'to', så lenge begge verbene har det samme subjektet, men det er vanligere å utelate 'to'. Hvis verbene har forskjellige subjekter, må du inkludere 'to'.

Eksempler
  • I never dared tell him what happened.
  • Do you dare tell him?
  • Would you dare (to) jump out of a plane?
  • I dare you to tell him the truth.
  • She dared me to jump off the wall.