Kondisjonalis II (Type 2 Conditional)

Form

I en kondisjonalis II setning (type 2 conditional), bruker vi preteritum (simple past) i 'if' bisetningen, og presens kondisjonalis (present conditional) eller presens kondisjonalis samtidsform (present continuous conditional) i hovedsetningen..

If clause (betingelse) Hovedsetning (resultat)
If + preteritum presens kondisjonalis eller presens kondisjonalis samtidsform
If this thing happened that thing would happen.

Som i alle kondisjonale setninger, er bisetningenes rekkefølge ikke fast her heller. Du kan omorganisere pronomena og justere tegnsetningen når du endrer rekkefølgen, men betydningen forblir det samme.

Eksempler
  • If it rained, you would get wet.
  • You would get wet if it rained.
  • If you went to bed earlier you wouldn't be so tired.
  • You wouldn't be so tired if you went to bed earlier.
  • If she fell, she would hurt herself.
  • She would hurt herself if she fell.

Funksjon

Kondisjonalis II henviser til en lite sannsynlig eller hypotetisk tilstand og dens sannsynlig resultat. Disse setningene er ikke basert på en reell situasjon. Tiden er nå eller når som helst og situasjonen er hypotetisk.

Eksempler
  • If the weather wasn't so bad, we would go to the park. (But the weather is bad so we can't go.)
  • If I was the Queen of England, I would give everyone a chicken. (But I am not the Queen.)
  • If you really loved me, you would buy me a diamond ring.
  • If I knew where she lived, I would go and see her.

Det er riktig, og veldig vanlig, å si "if I were" i stedet for "if I was" (subjunctive mood).

Eksempler
  • If I were taller, I would buy this dress.
  • If I were 20, I would travel the world.
  • If I were you, I would give up smoking.
  • If I were a plant, I would love the rain.

I kondisjonalis II setninger kan du også bruke modale verb i hovedsetningen i stedet for "would". På den måten uttrykker du en viss grad av sikkerhet, tillatelse, eller en anbefaling om utfallet.

Eksempler
  • We might buy a larger house if we had more money
  • He could go to the concert if you gave him your ticket.
  • If he called me, I couldn't hear.

Presens kondisjonalis (the present conditional tense)

Presens kondisjonalis formen av alle verb består av to deler:
would + hovedverbets infinitiv, uten "to"

Subjekt + would + infinitiv
He would go
They would stay
To Go: presens kondisjonalis
Bekreftende Nektende Spørrende Spørrende Nektende
I would go I wouldn't go Would I go? Wouldn't I go?
You would go You wouldn't go Would you go? Wouldn't you go?
He would go He wouldn't go Would he go? Wouldn't he go?
She would go She wouldn't go Would she go? Wouldn't she go?
We would go We wouldn't go Would we go? Wouldn't we go?
They would go They wouldn't go Would they go? Wouldn't they go?